'Chalisa' is religious, archaic verse recited to please the gods and seek their blessings. The 40 verse prayer is poetry that esteems and compliments the deity. These verses are recited by priests in temples. The chanting of the Durga Chalisa is one that is practiced commonly by many in India. Some say that the recitation of these holy verses brings success and prosperity in the lives of the devotees. The Durga Chalisa is 40 verses long prayer and praises the qualities of Goddess Durga in a poetic manner. By singing these 40 verses, one pleases the Goddess and she dispels all negativity and evils around the worshipper. During Durga Puja, the Durga 'Chalisa' is chanted with great devotion. Chanting the 40 verses of Durga Chalisa encourages positive thinking and increases one's willpower. Here is the English translation of the Durga Chalisa.
Durga Chalisa in Hindi
Namo Namo Durge Sukh karani,
Namo Namo ambe Dukh harani.
Nirakar hai jyoti tumhari,
Tihun lok pheli ujayari.
Shashi lalat mukh mahavishala,
Netra lal bhrikutee vikarala.
Roop Matu ko adhika suhave,
Daras karat jan ati sukh pave.
Tum sansar shakti laya kina,
Palan hetu anna dhan dina.
Annapurna hui jag pala,
Tumhi adi sundari Bala.
Pralaya kala sab nashan hari,
Tum gauri Shiv-Shankar pyari.
Shiv yogi tumhre guna gaven,
Brahma Vishnu tumhen nit dhyaven
Roop Saraswati ko tum dhara,
De subuddhi rishi munina ubara.
Dharyo roop Narsimha ko amba,
Pragat bhayin phar kar khamba.
Raksha kari Prahlaad bachayo,
Hiranakush ko swarga pathayo.
Lakshmi roop dharo jag mahin,
Shree Narayan anga samihahin.
Ksheer sindhu men karat vilasa,
Daya Sindhu, deeje man asa.
Hingalaja men tumhin Bhavani,
Mahima amit na jet bakhani.
Matangi Dhoomavati Mata,
Bhuvneshwari bagala sukhdata.
Shree Bhairav lara jog tarani,
Chhinna Bhala bhav dukh nivarani.
Kehari Vahan soh Bhavani,
Langur Veer Chalat agavani.
Kar men khappar khadag viraje,
Jako dekh kal dan bhaje.
Sohe astra aur trishoola,
Jase uthata shatru hiya shoola.
Nagarkot men tumhi virajat,
Tihun lok men danka bajat.
Shumbhu Nishumbhu Danuja tum mare,
Rakta-beeja shankhan samhare.
Mahishasur nripa ati abhimani
Jehi agha bhar mahi akulani.
Roop karal Kalika dhara,
Sen Sahita tum tin samhara.
Pan garha Santan par jab jab,
Bhayi sahaya Matu tum tab tab.
Amarpuni aru basava loka,
Tava Mahirna sab rahen asoka.
Jwala men hai jyoti tumhari,
Tumhen sada poojen nar nari.
Prem bhakti se Jo yash gave,
Dukh-daridra nikat nahin ave.
Dhyave tumhen jo nar man laee,
Janam-maran tako chuti jaee.
Jogi sur-muni kahat pukari,
Jog na ho bin shakti tumhari.
Shankar Aacharaj tap keenhon,
Kam, krodha jeet sab leenhon.
Nisidin dhyan dharo Shankar ko,
Kahu kal nahini sumiro tum ko.
Shakti roop ko maran na payo,
Shakti gayi tab man pachitayo.
Sharnagat hui keerti bakhani,
Jai jai jai Jagdamb Bhavani.
Bhayi prasanna Aadi Jagdamba,
Dayi shakti nahin keen vilamba.
Mokon Matu kashta ati ghero,
Tum bin kaun hare dukh mero.
Aasha trishna nipat sataven,
Moh madadik sab binsaven.
Shatru nash keeje Maharani,
Sumiron ekachita tumhen Bhavani.
Karo kripa Hey Matu dayala,
Riddhi-Siddhi de karahu nihala.
Jab lagi jiyoon daya phal paoon
Tumhro yash men sada sunaoon.
Durga Chalisa jo gave,
Sab sukh bhog parampad pave.
Devidas sharan nij jani
Karahoun kripa jagadamba bhavani
English Translation of Durga Chalisa
I bow to You O Goddess Durga, the bestower of happiness!
I bow to You O Goddess Amba, who ends all miseries.
The radiance of your light is infinite and all encompassing and all the three
realms (Earth, Heaven And the Nether World) are enlightened by Thee.
Your face is like the moon and mouth very huge. Your eyes shine with a
red glow and You have a Frightening frown.
O Mother! Your look is enchanting, the very sight of which ensures welfare
of the devout.
All the powers of the World repose in Thee and it is You who provide food and
wealth for the World's survival.
Like the feeding Mother Annapoorna, You nurture the whole universe and You are the one who appears like the timeless Bala Sundari (young girl of extreme beauty).
At the time of dissolution, it is You, O Mother, who destroys everything. You are the beloved Consort of Lord Shiva, Gauri (Parvati).
Lord Shiva and all yogis always chant your praise Brahma,
Vishnu and all other Gods ever meditate on you.
You appear in the form of Goddess Saraswati too,
to grant wisdom to the sages and thus ensure their Welfare.
O Mother Amba! It was you who appeared in the form
of Narsimha, sundering the pillar.
Thus you saved Prahlad and Hiranyakashyap also went to
Heaven as he was killed by your Hands.
In the form of Goddess Lakshmi, O Mother, you appear in
this world and repose by the side of Shree Narayan.
Dwelling in the ocean of milk, O Goddess, with Lord Vishnu,
please fulfill my desires.
O Bhavani, the famous Goddess of Hingalaja is no one else but
you. Illimitable is your Glory, defying description.
You are yourself Matangi and Dhoomavati Mata. It is you, who appear as
Bhuvaneshwari and Bagalamukhi Devi to bestow happiness to all the people of this earth
It is you, who redeem the wolrd, appearing in the form of Shree Bhairavi,
Taradevi and Chhinnamasta Devi, and end its sorrows.
Reposing gracefully uopn your vehicle, O Goddess Bhavani, You are welcome
by the brave Langour (Lord Hanuman).
When you appear in the form of Goddess Kali, with sword in one hand and a
cupel in the other, even time flees in panic.
Beholding you, well armed, with a trident in your hand, the enemy's
heart aches with the sting Of fear.
You also repose in the form of Devi at Nagarkot in Kangara. Thus all the
three realms shudder in the might of your glory.
You slayed the demons like Shumbh & Nishumb and massacred the
thousand forms of the dreaded Demon Raktabeej.
When the earth was severely distressed bearing the load of the sins
of the arrogant Mahishasur.
You assumed the dreadful form of Goddess Kali and
massacred him along with his army.
Thus, whenever the noble saints were distressed,
it is You O Mother, who came to their rescue.
All the realms including the Amarpuri (divine realm) remain
sorrow-less and happy by Your Grace. O Goddess!
It is the symbol of your glory that is burning brightly at Shree JwalaJi.
All me and women Ever worship You, O Mother!
He who sings your glory with devotion, love, and sincerity remains
beyond the reach of grief And poverty.
He who meditates upon your form with concentration goes
beyond the cycle of births and deaths.
All the yogis, gods and sages openly declare that without your
favor one can't establish communion with God.
Shankaracharya had performed once a special penance called
Aacharaj and by virtue of which he had subdued his anger and desire.
He ever worshipped Lord Shankar and never for a moment
concentrated his mind on You.
Since He did not realise your immense glory, all his powers
waned and then He repented hitherto.
Then he sought refuge in you, chanted your glory and
'victory, victory, victory to Thee, O Jagadamba Bhavani'.
Then, O Primal Goddess Jagadamba Ji, you were propitiated and
in no time You bestowed Him with his lost powers.
O Mother! Severe afflictions distress me and no one except your
honored Self can provide relief please end my afflictions.
Hopes and longings ever torture me. All sorts of passions and
lust ever torment my heart.
O Goddess Bhavani! I meditate only upon you Please
kill my enemies O Queen!
O Merciful Mother! Show me your favour and make me feel
happy by bestowing me with all sorts of riches and powers.
O Mother! May I be receptable of Your grace as long as I live,
ever recounting the feats of Your Glory to all.
This way, whoever sings this Durga Chalisa shall ever enjoy all
sorts of pleasures and shall attain the highest state in the end.
Deeming Devidas to have sought Your shelter, O Bhavani, grant me Your favor.
Jai Maa Bhagwati!